ORGANIC FARMING ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) study team on organic farming “organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection”.
If you live in a wealthy nation, where people can afford to indulge in luxuries, you might get a better price for organic crops.
That is because a lot of people who don’t know any better (or choose to remain that way) imagine that conventional farming is damaging the environment and producing food with harmful levels of pesticide residue. Some even believe that organic food is more nutritious.
ADVANTAGE OF ORGANIC FARMING
CONSUMER BENEFITS OF ORGANIC FARMING
- Nutrition – The nutritional value of food is largely a function of its vitamin and mineral content. Besides organic farming does not affect soil ecosystem.
- Poison free – A major benefit to consumers of organic food is that it doesn’t contain any kind of toxic chemicals loke pesticides, fungicides and herbicides. According to a survey by the New South Wales Central Cancer Registry, in new south wales, the new cases of cancer has risen 50% in just 32 years.
- Food quality – Humans can taste the food they ingest. Organically grown food tastes better than that conventionally grown.
- Disease and Pest Resistance -Organically cultivated foods have more resistance than normally cultivated food.Organic foods usually don’t get affected by pests.
- Lower Input Costs – By definition, organic farming does not incur the use of expensive agrichemicals. The greater resistance of their crops to pests and the diseases save farmers significantly inexpensive insecticides, fungicides and other pesticides.Fertilizers are either created in situ by green manuring and leguminous crop rotation or on-farm via composting and worm farming. Biodynamic farmers use a low-cost microbial solution sprayed onto their crops.
- Drought Resistance – Organically grown plants are more drought tolerant. chemical fertilizer is soluble, plants are forced to imbibe it every time they are thirsty for water.
ORGANIC FARMING DISADVANTAGE
There is no evidence to support these inchoate fears and thoughts. Both conventional and organic farming can be carried out in an irresponsible way. Statistics show no public health problem created by eating conventionally grown food. In fact, the dangers from e. Coli and other pathogens present in uncooked organic food are substantial.
- Productivity -Though industrialized farming is more productive but over the longer time frame, productivity advantages dwindle
- Cultivation – While their conventional counterparts may sow by direct drilling of seed into herbicide treated soils, organic farmers are usually at least partly dependent on cultivation to remove weeds prior to sowing
- Time – Indeed, organic farming requires greater interaction between a farmer and his crop so that, naturally a single farmer can produce more crop using industrial methods.
- GM Crops – Conventional growers, on the other hand, are free to “take advantage” of GM crops.
- Skill – It requires considerably more skill to farm organically